Varnish is a clear, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used to protect wood surfaces, but can also be used on other materials such as metal, plaster, and stone. It is made from a combination of resin, solvents, and dryers. It is applied as a liquid and dries to a hard, glossy or satin finish.

Varnishes come in several types, such as oil-based, water-based and polyurethane. Oil-based varnishes are made with natural oils such as linseed or tung oil and are known for their warm amber color. Water-based varnishes are made with synthetic resins and dry clear and are known for their easy cleanup. Polyurethane varnishes are known for their durability and resistance to scratches, chemicals, and heat.

Varnish is typically used on furniture, cabinetry, flooring, and other interior and exterior wood surfaces to protect the wood from scratches, water and UV damage. It can also be used to enhance the natural beauty of the wood, bringing out its color and grain. Varnish is also used on metal, plaster and stone surfaces to provide a protective coating and enhance their appearance.

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